A lot of problems can lead to lower back pain with any area of the large, network of spinal muscles which are connected to each other, bones, and tendons in the spine, discs, and others. A few causes of low back pain are:
1. Damaging of the ligaments, joints or bones.
2. Irritation of the smaller nerves supplying the lower back.
3. Degeneration of an intervertebral disk.
4. Irritation of the lower back large nerve roots going to the legs.
5. Straining of the erector spinae (Large paired lower back muscles).
Lower back pain can sometimes be caused by a problem or irritation in any of these mentioned structures and may radiate to other areas in the body. A lot of lower back pain could also lead to muscle spasms. Although they don’t sound too serious, they can actually cause disability and much discomfort.
In spite of the pain at the lower back region being a very common occurrence, its symptoms and severity are distinct. The simplest muscle strain in the lower back region might be so severe that one would have to visit the emergency room while a disc that is degenerating may result to just a mild discomfort.
Knowing the symptoms and receiving a diagnosis that tells the cause of the pain is the very first thing to do to get an effective relief.
Lower back pain has some causes that can likely occur more regular in young persons compared to advanced adults:
Younger adults between the ages of 30 to 60 years might experience more of back pain within the area where the disc is located (for instance, degenerative disc disease or lumbar disc herniation) or from a strain in the back muscle or any strain of soft tissue.
Older adults above 60 years would experience more of pain relative to degeneration of joints like spinal stenosis or osteoarthritis, or even a compression fracture.
To seek lower back pain treatment immediately:
The majority of lower back pain cases may not need urgent treatment but one still needs to visit a doctor immediately if the pain at the lower back region is caused by trauma, or if the pain comes with any of the symptoms mentioned below:
• Significant weakness in the leg
• Chills and fevers
• Recent weight loss that can’t be accounted for
• Abdominal aortic aneurysm (pain in the abdomen which is continuous and severe)
• Sudden incontinence of the bladder and bowel which can cause an irregular bowel movement or difficulty when trying to pass urine, or even inability to control bowel movement or urination.
For peculiar cases that require immediate treatment, the physician would look into the best cause of the pain experienced like a fracture, infection in the spine or tumor.
Younger individuals between the ages of 30 to 60 years would likely develop back pain emanating from a strain in the lower back muscle or from the space of the disc itself like lumbar degenerative disc disease or lumbar disc herniation.